California Penal Code
Sec. § 243.10


Any person who commits a battery against a member of the United States Armed Forces because of the victims service in the United States Armed Forces shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), by imprisonment in a county jail for a period not exceeding one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.


Because of means that the bias motivation must be a cause in fact of the battery, whether or not other causes exist. When multiple concurrent motives exist, the prohibited bias must be a substantial factor in bringing about the battery.
Last accessed
Jun. 6, 2016