California Health and Safety Code
For purposes of this division, the following definitions apply:
(a) Behavioral restraint means mechanical restraint or physical restraint as defined in this section, used as an intervention when a person presents an immediate danger to self or to others. It does not include restraints used for medical purposes, including, but not limited to, securing an intravenous needle or immobilizing a person for a surgical procedure, or postural restraints, or devices used to prevent injury or to improve a persons mobility and independent functioning rather than to restrict movement.
(b) Containment means a brief physical restraint of a person for the purpose of effectively gaining quick control of a person who is aggressive or agitated or who is a danger to self or others.
(c) Mechanical restraint means the use of a mechanical device, material, or equipment attached or adjacent to the persons body that he or she cannot easily remove and that restricts the freedom of movement of all or part of a persons body or restricts normal access to the persons body, and that is used as a behavioral restraint.
(d) Physical restraint means the use of a manual hold to restrict freedom of movement of all or part of a persons body, or to restrict normal access to the persons body, and that is used as a behavioral restraint. Physical restraint is staff-to-person physical contact in which the person unwillingly participates. Physical restraint does not include briefly holding a person without undue force in order to calm or comfort, or physical contact intended to gently assist a person in performing tasks or to guide or assist a person from one area to another.
(e) Seclusion means the involuntary confinement of a person alone in a room or an area from which the person is physically prevented from leaving. Seclusion does not include a timeout, as defined in regulations relating to facilities operated by the State Department of Developmental Services.
(f) Secretary means the Secretary of California Health and Human Services.
(g) Serious injury means significant impairment of the physical condition as determined by qualified medical personnel, and includes, but is not limited to, burns, lacerations, bone fractures, substantial hematoma, or injuries to internal organs.