CA Health & Safety Code Section 108042

As used in this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings:


“Commercial dealer” means any person who deals in products or who otherwise by his or her occupation holds himself or herself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to products, or any person who is in the business of remanufacturing, retrofitting, selling, leasing, subletting, or otherwise placing into the stream of commerce, a product.


“Distributor” and “wholesaler” means any person, other than a manufacturer or retailer, who sells or resells, or otherwise places into the stream of commerce, a product.


“End consumer” means a person who purchases a product for any purpose other than resale.


“First seller” means any retailer selling a product that has not been used or has not previously been owned. A first seller does not include an entity such as a secondhand retail dealer, thrift shop, resale store, or any other establishment or individual, agent, or employee thereof that sells, distributes, rents, or leases products of any kind.


“Importer” means any person who brings into this country, and places into the stream of commerce, a product.


“Manufacturer” means any person who makes, and places into the stream of commerce, a product.


“Person” means a natural person, firm, corporation, limited liability company, or association, or an employee or agent thereof.


“Product” means any article, or component part thereof, produced or distributed (1) for sale to a consumer for use in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise, or (2) for personal use, consumption, or enjoyment of a consumer in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise. “Product” does not include food, drugs, cosmetics, pesticides (as defined by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. Sec. 136 et seq.)), medical devices, firearms and ammunition, boats, motor vehicles, motor vehicle equipment, aircraft, or tobacco and tobacco products.


“Recall” means any repair, replacement, or refund program implemented in accordance with the federal Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. Sec. 2051 et seq.) upon the determination of commission staff that a consumer product violates a commission statute or regulation, and notification to the product manufacturer, importer, distributor, or retailer that corrective action to address the violation is warranted. “Recall” includes a voluntary recall where a product is returned to the manufacturer for repair or replacement, usually due to defects or safety concerns, or public notice that a product is defective and must be returned to the manufacturer or retailer.


“Retailer” means any person other than a manufacturer, distributor, or wholesaler who sells, distributes, sublets, or leases consumer goods of any kind.


“Sell” or “sale” means a transfer for consideration of title or of the right to use, by lease or sales contract, including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through sales outlets, catalogs, or the Internet or any other similar electronic means.
Last Updated

Aug. 19, 2023

§ 108042’s source at ca​.gov