(a) Notwithstanding Section 66007, the Board of Supervisors of the County of Orange and the city council or councils of any city or cities in that county may, by ordinance, require the payment of a fee as a condition of approval of a final map or as a condition of issuing a building permit for purposes of defraying the actual or estimated cost of constructing bridges over waterways, railways, freeways, and canyons, or constructing major thoroughfares.
(b) The local ordinance may require payment of fees pursuant to this section if:
(1) The ordinance refers to the circulation element of the general plan and, in the case
of bridges, to the transportation provisions or flood control provisions of the general plan which identify railways, freeways, streams, or canyons for which bridge crossings are required on the general plan or local roads, and in the case of major thoroughfares, to the provisions of the circulation element which identify those major thoroughfares whose primary purpose is to carry through traffic and provide a network connecting to or which is part of the state highway system, and the circulation element, transportation provisions, or flood control provisions have been adopted by the local agency 30 days prior to the filing of a map or application for a building permit. Bridges which are part of a major thoroughfare need not be separately identified in the transportation or flood control provisions of the general plan.
(2) The ordinance provides that there will be a public hearing held by the governing body for each area benefited. Notice shall
be given pursuant to Section 65905. In addition to the requirements of Section 65905, the notice shall contain preliminary information related to the boundaries of the area of benefit, estimated cost, and the method of fee apportionment. The area of benefit may include land or improvements in addition to the land or improvements which are the subject of any map or building permit application considered at the proceedings.
(3) The ordinance provides that at the public hearing, the boundaries of the area of benefit, the costs, whether actual or estimated, and a fair method of allocation of costs to the area of benefit and fee apportionment are established. The method of fee apportionment, in the case of major thoroughfares, shall not provide for higher fees on land which abuts the proposed improvement except where the abutting property is provided direct usable access to the major thoroughfare. A description of the boundaries of the area of
benefit, the costs, whether actual or estimated, and the method of fee apportionment established at the hearing shall be incorporated in a resolution of the governing body, a certified copy of which shall be recorded by the governing body conducting the hearing with the recorder of the County of Orange. The resolution may subsequently be modified in any respect by the governing body. Modifications shall be adopted in the same manner as the original resolution, except that the resolution of a city or county which has entered into a joint exercise of powers agreement pursuant to subdivision (f), relating to constructing bridges over waterways, railways, freeways, and canyons or constructing major thoroughfares by the joint powers agency, may be modified by the joint powers agency following public notice and a public hearing, if the joint powers agency has complied with all applicable laws, including Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 66000) of Division 1. Any modification shall be subject to the protest
procedures prescribed by paragraph (6). The resolution may provide for automatic periodic adjustment of fees based upon the California Construction Cost Index prepared and published by the Department of Transportation, without further action of the governing body, including, but not limited to, public notice or hearing. The apportioned fees shall be applicable to all property within the area of benefit and shall be payable as a condition of approval of a final map or as a condition of issuing a building permit for any of the property or portions of the property. Where the area of benefit includes lands not subject to the payment of fees pursuant to this section, the governing body shall make provision for payment of the share of improvement costs apportioned to those lands from other sources, but those sources need not be identified at the time of the adoption of the resolution.
(4) The ordinance provides that payment of fees shall not be
required unless the major thoroughfares are in addition to, or a reconstruction or widening of, any existing major thoroughfares serving the area at the time of the adoption of the boundaries of the area of benefit.
(5) The ordinance provides that payment of fees shall not be required unless the planned bridge facility is an original bridge serving the area or an addition to any existing bridge facility serving the area at the time of the adoption of the boundaries of the area of benefit. Fees imposed pursuant to this section shall not be expended to reimburse the cost of existing bridge facility construction, unless these costs are incurred in connection with the construction of an addition to an existing bridge for which fees may be required.
(6) The ordinance provides that if, within the time when protests may be filed under its provisions, there is a written protest, filed
with the clerk of the legislative body, by the owners of more than one-half of the area of the property to be benefited by the improvement, and sufficient protests are not withdrawn so as to reduce the area represented to less than one-half of that to be benefited, then the proposed proceedings shall be abandoned, and the legislative body shall not, for one year from the filing of that written protest, commence or carry on any proceedings for the same improvement or acquisition under this section, unless the protests are overruled by an affirmative vote of four-fifths of the legislative body.
Nothing in this section shall preclude the processing and recordation of maps in accordance with other provisions of this division if proceedings are abandoned.
Any protests may be withdrawn in writing by the owner who filed the protest, at any time prior to the conclusion of a public hearing held pursuant to the ordinance.
If any majority protest is directed against only a portion of the improvement then all further proceedings under the provisions of this section to construct that portion of the improvement so protested against shall be barred for a period of one year, but the legislative body shall not be barred from commencing new proceedings not including any part of the improvement or acquisition so protested against. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the legislative body, within the one-year period, from commencing and carrying on new proceedings for the construction of a portion of the improvement so protested against if it finds, by the affirmative vote of four-fifths of its members, that the owners of more than one-half of the area of the property to be benefited are in favor of going forward with that portion of the improvement or acquisition.
If the provisions of this paragraph, or provisions implementing this paragraph contained
in any ordinance adopted pursuant to this section, are held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions of this section or of the ordinance adopted pursuant thereto, which can be given effect without the invalid provision, and to this end the provisions of this section and of an ordinance adopted pursuant thereto are severable.
(c) Fees paid pursuant to an ordinance adopted pursuant to this section shall be deposited in a planned bridge facility or major thoroughfare fund. A fund shall be established for each planned bridge facility project or each planned major thoroughfare project. If the benefit area is one in which more than one bridge or major thoroughfare is required to be constructed, a fund may be so established covering all of the bridge or major thoroughfare projects in the benefit area. Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (g), moneys in the fund shall be expended solely for the construction or reimbursement for
construction of the improvement serving the area to be benefited and from which the fees comprising the fund were collected, or to reimburse the county or a city for the cost of constructing the improvement.
(d) An ordinance adopted pursuant to this section may provide for the acceptance of considerations in lieu of the payment of fees.
(e) The county or a city imposing fees pursuant to this section may advance money from its general fund or road fund to pay the cost of constructing the improvements and may reimburse the general fund or road fund from planned bridge facilities or major thoroughfares funds established to finance the construction of the improvements.
(f) The county or a city imposing fees pursuant to this section may incur an interest-bearing indebtedness for the construction of bridge facilities or
major thoroughfares. The sole security for repayment of the indebtedness shall be moneys in planned bridge facilities or major thoroughfares funds. A city or county imposing fees pursuant to this section may enter into joint exercise of powers agreements with other local agencies imposing fees pursuant to this section, for the purpose of, among others, jointly exercising as a duly authorized original power established by this section, in addition to those through a joint exercise of powers agreement, those powers authorized in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 31100) of Division 17 of the Streets and Highways Code for the purpose of constructing bridge facilities and major thoroughfares in lieu of a tunnel and appurtenant facilities, and, notwithstanding Section 31200 of the Streets and Highways Code, may acquire by dedication, gift, purchase, or eminent domain, any franchise, rights, privileges, easements, or other interest in property, either real or personal, necessary therefor on segments of the state
highway system, including, but not limited to, those segments of the state highway system eligible for federal participation pursuant to Title 23 of the United States Code.
An entity constructing bridge facilities and major thoroughfares pursuant to this section shall design and construct the bridge facilities and major thoroughfares to the standards and specifications of the Department of Transportation then in effect, and may, at any time, transfer all or a portion of the bridge facilities and major thoroughfares to the state subject to the terms and conditions as shall be satisfactory to the Director of the Department of Transportation. Any of these bridge facilities and major thoroughfares shall be designated as a portion of the state highway system prior to its transfer. The participants in a joint exercise of powers agreement may also exercise as a duly authorized original power established by this section the power to establish and collect toll charges only
for paying for the costs of construction of the major thoroughfare for which the toll is charged and for the costs of collecting the tolls, except that a joint powers agency, which is the lending agency, may, notwithstanding subdivision (c), make toll revenues and fees imposed pursuant to this section available to another joint powers agency, which is the borrowing agency, established for the purpose of designing, financing, and constructing coordinated and interrelated major thoroughfares, in the form of a subordinated loan, to pay for the cost of construction and toll collection of major thoroughfares other than the major thoroughfares for which the toll or fee is charged, if the lending agency has complied with all applicable laws, including Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 66000) of Division 1, and if the borrowing agency is required to pay interest on the loan to the lending agency at a rate equal to the interest rate charged on funds loaned from the Pooled Money Investment Account. Prior to executing
the loan, the lending agency shall make all of the following findings:
(1) The major thoroughfare for which the toll or fee is charged will benefit from the construction of the major thoroughfare to be constructed by the borrowing agency or will benefit financially by a sharing of revenues with the borrowing agency.
(2) The lending agency will possess adequate financial resources to fund all costs of construction of existing and future projects that it plans to undertake prior to the final maturity of the loan, after funding the loan, and taking into consideration its then existing funds, its present and future obligations, and the revenues and fees it expects to receive.
(3) The funding of the loan will not materially impair its financial condition or operations during the term of the loan.
Major thoroughfares from which tolls are charged shall utilize the toll collection equipment most capable of moving vehicles expeditiously and efficiently, and which is best suited for that purpose, as determined by the participants in the joint exercise of powers agreement. However, in no event shall the powers authorized in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 31100) of Division 17 of the Streets and Highways Code be exercised unless a resolution is first adopted by the legislative body of the agency finding that adequate funding for the portion of the cost of constructing those bridge facilities and major thoroughfares not funded by the development fees collected by the agency is not available from any federal, state, or other source. Any major thoroughfare constructed and operated as a toll road pursuant to this section shall only be constructed parallel to other public thoroughfares and highways.
(g) The term “construction,” as used in this section, includes design, acquisition of rights-of-way, and actual construction, including, but not limited to, all direct and indirect environmental, engineering, accounting, legal, administration of construction contracts, and other services necessary therefor. The term “construction” also includes reasonable general agency administrative expenses, not exceeding three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000) in any calendar year after January 1, 1986, as adjusted annually for any increase or decrease in the Consumer Price Index of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor for all Urban Consumers, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, California (1967=100), as published by the United States Department of Commerce, by each agency created pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 for the purpose of constructing bridges and major thoroughfares. “General agency administrative expenses”
means those office, personnel, and other customary and normal expenses associated with the direct management and administration of the agency, but not including costs of construction.
(h) Fees paid pursuant to an ordinance adopted pursuant to this section may be utilized to defray all direct and indirect financing costs related to the construction of the bridges and major thoroughfares by the joint powers agency. Because the financing costs of bridges and major thoroughfares for which a toll charge shall be established or collected represent a necessary element of the total cost of those bridges and major thoroughfares, the joint powers agency constructing those facilities may include a charge for financing costs in the calculation of the fee rate. The charge shall be based on the estimated financing cost of any eligible portion of the bridges and major thoroughfares for which tolls shall be collected. The eligible portion shall be any or all
portions of the major thoroughfare for which a viable financial plan has been adopted by the joint powers agency on the basis of revenues reasonably expected by the joint powers agency to be available to the thoroughfare, after consultation with representatives of the fee payers. For purposes of calculating the charge, financing costs shall include only reasonable allowances for payments and charges for principal, interest, and premium on indebtedness, letter of credit fees and charges, remarketing fees and charges, underwriters’ discount, and other costs of issuance, less net earnings on bridge and major thoroughfare funds by the joint powers agency prior to the opening of the facility to traffic after giving effect to any payments from the fund to preserve the federal income tax exemption on the indebtedness. For purposes of calculating the charge for financing costs in the calculation of the fee rate only, financing costs shall not include any allowance for the cost of any interest paid on indebtedness
with regard to each eligible portion after the estimated opening of the portion to traffic as established by the joint powers agency. Any and all challenges to any financial plan or financing costs adopted or calculated pursuant to this section shall be governed by subdivision (k).
(i) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the County of Orange or any city within that county from providing funds for the construction of bridge facilities or major thoroughfares to defray costs not allocated to the area of benefit.
(j) Any city within the County of Orange may require the payment of fees in accordance with this section as to any property in an area of benefit within the city’s boundaries, for facilities shown on its general plan or the county’s general plan, whether the facilities are situated within or outside the boundaries of the city, and the county may expend fees
for facilities or portions thereof located within cities in the county.
(k) The validity of any fee required pursuant to this section shall not be contested in any action or proceeding unless commenced within 60 days after recordation of the resolution described in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b). The provisions of Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 860) of Title 10 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be applicable to any such action or proceeding. This subdivision shall also apply to modifications of fee programs.
(l) If the County of Orange and any city within that county have entered into a joint powers agreement for the purpose of constructing the bridges and major thoroughfares referred to in Sections 50029 and 66484, and if a proposed change of organization or reorganization includes any territory of an area of benefit established pursuant to Sections 50029 and
66484, within a successor local agency, the local agency shall not take any action that would impair, delay, frustrate, obstruct, or otherwise impede the construction of the bridges and major thoroughfares referred to in this section.
(m) Nothing in this section prohibits the succession of all powers, obligations, liabilities, and duties of any joint powers agency created pursuant to subdivision (l) to an entity with comprehensive countywide transportation planning and operating authority which is statutorily created in the County of Orange and which is statutorily authorized to assume those powers, obligations, liabilities, and duties.