(a) It is hereby declared that the establishment and maintenance of minimum standards of quality and maturity for fruits, nuts, and vegetables is essential to ensure that products of acceptable and marketable quality will be available to the consumer.
(b) Any quality and maturity standards adopted by the director pursuant to this division shall apply to the particular fruit, nut, or vegetable involved regardless of whether the item was produced in this state or outside of this state.
(c) The director may, upon a petition of a commercial producer or handler that the director finds has a substantial interest in the growing or handling of the particular fruit, nut, or vegetable involved, hold a hearing to establish, modify, or rescind, by regulation, quality and maturity standards for any fruits, nuts, or vegetables.
(d) The director shall, upon a petition of 10 commercial producers or handlers, each of whom the director finds has a separate and substantial interest in the growing or handling of the particular fruit, nut, or vegetable involved, or a petition by the Director of Consumer Affairs, hold a hearing to establish, modify, or rescind, by regulation, quality and maturity standards for any fruits, nuts, or vegetables.
(e) In establishing, modifying, or rescinding any quality and maturity standard for any fruit, nut, or vegetable pursuant to this chapter, the director shall do all of the following: (1) find that the regulation will provide the consumer with acceptable quality fruits, nuts, and vegetables, which will also provide stability in the marketing of these products, (2) find that the regulation will tend to prevent waste in the production and marketing of fruits, nuts, and vegetables, (3) consider the impact of the regulation upon the agricultural industry, and (4) find that the regulation is necessary to accomplish the purposes of this chapter.
(f) All regulations shall be adopted in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. However, the director, when adopting any emergency regulations for quality and maturity standards for any fruits, nuts, and vegetables, shall hold a public hearing. Notice of the hearing shall be given to all persons known to the director to be interested in the proposed emergency regulations, not less than three days prior to such hearing. This public hearing on emergency regulations is not in place of, and shall not preclude the director from holding, a public hearing within 120 days after adoption of emergency regulations to make the emergency regulations permanent.