CA Corp Code Section 18610

A member of a nonprofit association is not liable for a contractual obligation of the association unless one of the following conditions is satisfied:


The member expressly assumes personal responsibility for the obligation in a signed writing that specifically identifies the obligation assumed.


The member expressly authorizes or ratifies the specific contract, as evidenced by a writing. This subdivision does not apply if the member authorizes or ratifies a contract solely in the member’s capacity as a director, officer, or agent of the association.


With notice of the contract, the member receives a benefit under the contract. Liability under this subdivision is limited to the value of the benefit received.


The member executes the contract without disclosing that the member is acting on behalf of the association.


The member executes the contract without authority to execute the contract.
Last Updated

Aug. 19, 2023

§ 18610’s source at ca​.gov